The most famous sites in the area are the Roman Pantheon, which is located right to the east of the square, and the Castel Sant’Angelo to the northwest on the other side of the river.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'listerious_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_7',123,'0','0'])); The Ancient Roman marketplace and its ruins, the Forum Romanum, is located About 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) to the southeast of the square, pretty much in walking distance!The square / Wolfgang Moroder / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en. Origin of Piazza Navona In the 15th century, following the will of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, who became Pope with the name of Innocenzo X in 1664, the ancient stadium of Domitian was paved and Piazza Navona was created. This origin explains both the shape and the present name of the square: in fact, the buildings that we can see today have been erected over the ancient stadium terraces, while the name “Navona” seems to derive from “in agone”. The design and form of the square are no accident. The main Piazza Navona fountain in the centre of the square is the world-famous Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi or “Fountain of the Four Rivers” The statue was built in 1651 by the sculptor, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Rome – Art & Architecture – Piazza Navona . The square is a prime example of Roman Baroque architecture, 6. All rights reserved. Some of the movies where you will see Piazza Navona are Roman Holiday starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck, The Talented Mr. Ripley starring Matt Damon and Jude Law, and La Dolce Vita by Federico Fellini starring and unforgettable Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. The piazza is one of the most popular attractions in Rome so it’s pretty much always crowded. If you are traveling with your family, Piazza Navona is a lovely place to visit in Rome with a baby and enjoy a delicious ice cream. Arguably one of the most exclusive and expensive areas to stay in Rome, Piazza Navona is also one of the most desirable ones. That’s because it was built on top of one of the many Ancient Roman entertainment venues that were built all across the Roman Empire, including within the borders of the city. These are the Nile representing Africa, the Danube representing Europe, the Ganges representing Asia, and the Río de la Plata representing the AmericasFountain at the Piazza Navona / Pixabay. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in the 1st century AD, and follows the … The Fountain of Neptune is located in the northern end of the piazza, while Fontana del Moro in the southern edge. This venue is referred to as the “Stadium of Domitian,” named after Roman Emperor Domitian who ruled over the Roman Empire at the end of the first century A.D.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',124,'0','0'])); This stadium was smaller than some of its counterparts such as the Flavian Amphitheater or “Colosseum,” which was built by Domitian’s father and brother Vespasian and Titus, and the famous chariot-racing arena called the Circus Maximus.Stadium of Domitian / Rabax63 / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en. ©2020 Rome Actually. Built on an ancient Roman stadium site, the piazza still holds its shape fit for chariot races. Navona Colors Hotel – Minimalist and stylish hotel 200 meters from Piazza Navona. Piazza Navona. His family palace, the Palazzo Pamphili, faced the piazza. The square was constructed during the pontificate of Pope Innocent X between 1644 and 1655, whose real name was Giovanni Battista Pamphilj. This happened at the same time that the most famous square in Rome was being constructed, Saint Peter’s Square in Vatican City. From the Colosseum, take bus 87 to Piazza Navona, from Piazza Venezia take bus 64, and from the Pyramid and Testaccio, take bus 30 (on Sunday 130F). The piazza started being a busy hub in the 15th century when the local market of fresh fruits and veggies, meat and all types of goods was set up here. In fact, it’s not a secret that Piazza Navona has been the set for several movies, both Italian and international, throughout the years. Before the Piazza Navona square, there was an ancient stadium. Houses were built on the ruins which still has the shape of the stadium and so arose the Piazza Navona. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in 1st century AD, and follows the form of the open space of the stadium. The church was built on the site of the martyrdom of Saint Agnese that took place in 304. The 4 Rivers represent the 4 continents through which the Catholic religion had spread back then. The final destiny of the piazza however was decided by Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, who became pope in 1644 with the name Innocent X. Here are the top choices of hotels near Piazza Navona are: Hotel Navona – A renovated 15th-century frescoed building hosting a boutique hotel that features modern facilities. There are other two beautiful fountains: the fountain of Neptune and the Fontana del Moro, both masterpieces of artist Jacopo Della Porta. Pope Innocent X decided to embellish the fountain at the centre of the square for the Jubilee Year 1650. One of the most amazing squares in the world can be found in the wonderful city of Rome, and in this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of interesting Piazza Navona facts! Married to Pamphilio Pamphilj from the famous Roman noble family, she lived in the Pamphilj Palace that today is the seat of the Brazilian Embassy. This is again emphasized by the fact that he also earned the commission to sculpt the statue of the other fountain located at the square called the “Fontana del Moro.”eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'listerious_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_23',128,'0','0'])); The original fountain was completed in 1575 but the statue of the Moor wrestling with a dolphin was added later on in the year 1653. This way, the square became like a big lake inside the city where Romans would find relief and refreshment in summer. PIN IT TO YOUR BOARD! After the fall of the Roman Empire, the square came back to life in the second half of the fifteenth century as one of the main open-air markets in the city; the remains of the battered stadium were paved over to create Piazza Navona. One of the most intriguing Piazza Navona facts is that between 1652 until 1866, the square was completely submerged during an annual festival in August, a tradition started by the Pamphilj family. The oldest church dates back to the 8th century, but it was rebuilt and renovated several times, the last being in 1652 by the design of Borromini commissioned by Pope Innocent X. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Since 1874, the orignal statues decorating this fountain were moved to the Galleria Borghese and replaced with copies.Fontana del Moro / Livioandronico2013 / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en. WANT TO READ IT LATER? Lastly, the name of the place was simplified to “na… In the early Renaissance, the stadium was paved over, and Piazza Navona was created. This is an excellent example of the type of architecture that was prevalent during the era, with travertine windows and a portal flanked by columns. Here, the second name of the stadium is Agons arena and Navona Square got its name thanks to this term.In the 1st century A.D. the stadium was called “Campus Agonis”, while closer to the Middle Ages this form transformed into “n’agone”. For around two centuries, this was the main draw for Roman citizens of all walks of life every Saturday and Sunday of August until Pope Pius IX decided to put a halt to it in 1866. A lively piazza in Rome with fountains and obelisk, here you will find street artists, portrait painters, restaurants and artwork. The square probably got its name from Domitian’s arena, 4. You wouldn’t imagine, without prior knowledge, that Piazza Navona is built above the Stadium of Domitian (80 AD) in the 15th Century. Its characteristic elongated shape derives from the ancient Stadium built by the Emperor Domitian in the 85 A.D., very popular for the agones (games) that took place here. If you were in the Vatican in the morning, you probably came to Piazza Navona through Via dei Coronari or Via del Governo Vecchio. That’s why it was for a long time believed this was an original Egyptian Obelisk until it was discovered that the text is glorifying Domitian and one of his achievements, This massive structure stood on the site of the Circus of Maxentius for multiple centuries before it was moved in 4 pieces to the square to become part of its decorations.Obelisk on the square / HSwaff / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en. One of the most prominent features of the square is the so-called “Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi,” which translates to the “Fountain of the 4 Rivers.”eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_11',126,'0','0'])); The fountain was designed by the architect of St. Peter’s Square, the famous Baroque artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and was completed in 1651. Knowing where to eat here is a plus that can make your visit more pleasant. At the place of today’s buildings were the grandstands. Back in ancient times, the stadium wasn’t referred to as the “Stadium of Domitian” but as the “Circus Agonalis,” which translates to the “competition arena.”, eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'listerious_com-box-4','ezslot_6',111,'0','0']));Ancient Romans referred to games as “agones” and it’s believed that this changed over the centuries to “in avone” and eventually to “Navone” and “Navona,” which is how the square got its name.Stadium of Domitian remains / Wiki Commons. Facing the restaurant is also Gunther Gelato Italiano, one of Rome’s best gelaterias, and Caffè Sant’Eustachio known for one of Rome’s best coffees. Originally built as a stadium in the first century for athletic contests and chariot races, Piazza Navona is lined with luxurious cafes and Baroque palaces and is the home to three lavish fountains. Piazza Navona is one of Rome’s most beautiful squares. His tomb is inside this very church together with the graves of other members of the Pamphilj family. 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